The grape collection field of Grinzane Cavour, located at the foot of the hill where the Castle takes place in the Barolo DOCG wine production area, is an open-air museum comprehending a wide diversity of current and ancient varieties.
In the vineyard all the grape varieties from Piedmont are maintained, including those of limited distribution and use, as well as the endangered ones that are about to disappear. There are also many grape cultivars from surrounding areas (North-Western Italy), as well as regional, national and international varieties used as references.
Varietal composition of the collection:
Projects’ partners are:
- CNR (National Council of Research), IPSP – Turin Headquarter: curator and scientific coordinator;
- Vignaioli Piemontesi, Castagnito (Coni), with technical and management role;
- Agricultural School “Umberto I”, Alba – Grinzane C. (Coni), collection host;
- Piemonte Regional Administration, Department of Agriculture Development, funder till 2013.
Among the collections devoted to the preservation and the study of local, of limited distribution and neglected grape varieties, the one in Grinzane Cavour is among the largest and richest in diversity. On a surface of 1.2 hectares it comprises 700 accessions (over 450 different cultivars) on plots of 5 plants each.
This ex-situ collection vineyard has a relevant value for experimentation on ampelography, phenology and cultural features of the maintained accessions. It is also highly suitable for molecular and association genetics, and studies on the chemical composition of grapes.
For several promising varieties , wider plots suitable for the production of small-scale varietal wines were also established.
The general information on the maintained accessions (passport data), and the morphological and genetic profiles are integrated in the European database of grape genetic resources (European Vitis Database). These data, along with varieties’ history, cultural features and grape composition, will soon be available on a national website (Italian Vitis Database) .
Here you can download the list of the maintained accessions.